我们可以在该工作流中通过Maven和CI服务器来构建,存储,管理已编译完成的制品。

Nexus是一个存储库管理器,可存储和检索制品。它使您能够将构建的制品托管在私有且安全的存储库中。默认开发同学在进行开发的时候会使用一些包管理工具,例如:maven、ant、gradle这些都是常见项目编译构建工具 。这些工具可以理解为是一个命令行工具, 本身不会存储任何依赖包,而是通过公网官方的仓库中下载当前项目构建所需要的包。(内网的速度要比公网快,这会直接影响管道的构建速度)

制品上传 NexusUI页面

Nexus的UI中提供制品上传的功能, 导航Upload, 选择要上传的目标仓库。 最后填写仓库中包的坐标和包信息。

使用Maven工具

一般仓库都是需要认证后才能上传的, 所以首先需要在maven的配置文件中(settings.xml)填写仓库的认证信息。

mymaven     admin     admin123    

使用mvn deploy 命令上传发布制品,命令参数与格式:

mvn deploy:deploy-file -DgroupId=xxxxxx pom中的groupId -DartifactId=xxxxxx pom中的artifactId -Dversion=xxxxxx pom中的版本号version -Dpackaging=xxxxxx pom中打包方式 -Dfile=xxxxxx 本地文件 -Durl=xxxxxx 仓库url -DrepositoryId=xxxxxx 对应的是setting.xml(认证) 

如果此时包已经有pom.xml 文件描述, 可以直接通过pom.xml文件进行上传:

mvn deploy:deploy-file  -DgeneratePom=false  -DrepositoryId=mymaven  -Durl=http://192.168.1.200:8081/repository/mymavenrepo  -DpomFile=pom.xml  -Dfile=target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar  使用Jenkins插件

安装Nexus Artifact Uploader插件、使用片段生成器生成DSL。

nexusArtifactUploader   artifacts: [[artifactId: \"devopstest\",                                      classifier: \"\",                                      file: \"target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar\",                                      type: \"jar\"]],                          credentialsId: \"1de05a13-197c-4a72-8c6a-cd330fc45559\",                          groupId: \"com.jenkins\",                          nexusUrl: \"192.168.1.200:8081\",                          nexusVersion: \"nexus3\",                          protocol: \"http\",                          repository: \"mymavenrepo\",                          version: \"1.1.2\" 

扩展: 如果需要经常上传制品, 我们最后将其封装在一个函数中,便于复用。

//NexusUploadByPlugin(\"devops-test\", \"target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar\", \"jar\", \"com.jenkins\",\"1.1.2\")  def NexusUploadByPlugin(artifactId, file, type, groupId,version){     nexusArtifactUploader   artifacts: [[artifactId: artifactId,                                      classifier: \"\",                                      file: file,                                      type: type]],                          credentialsId: \"1de05a13-197c-4a72-8c6a-cd330fc45559\",                          groupId: groupId,                          nexusUrl: \"192.168.1.200:8081\",                          nexusVersion: \"nexus3\",                          protocol: \"http\",                          repository: \"mymavenrepo\",                          version: version }  使用Nexus API

经过调试,整理如下类型文件上传的接口:

##PNG curl -X POST "http://192.168.1.200:8081/service/rest/v1/components?repository=myrepo"  -H "accept: application/json"  -H "Content-Type: multipart/form-data"  -F "raw.directory=/tmp"  -F "[email protected]默认标题_自定义px_2020-10-01-0.png;type=image/png"  -F "raw.asset1.filename=默认标题_自定义px_2020-10-01-0.png"   ## tar.gz & ZIP curl -X POST "http://192.168.1.200:8081/service/rest/v1/components?repository=myrepo"  -H "accept: application/json"  -H "Content-Type: multipart/form-data"  -F "raw.directory=/tmp"  -F "[email protected];type=application/x-gzip"  -F "raw.asset1.filename=aaa.tar.gz"   curl -X POST "http://192.168.1.200:8081/service/rest/v1/components?repository=myrepo" -H "accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: multipart/form-data" -F "raw.directory=/tmp" -F "[email protected]_0.1.5_linux_amd64.zip;type=application/x-gzip" -F "raw.asset1.filename=waypoint_0.1.5_linux_amd64.zip"   ## Jar file  curl -X POST "http://192.168.1.200:8081/service/rest/v1/components?repository=myrepo"  -H "accept: application/json"  -H "Content-Type: multipart/form-data"  -F "raw.directory=/tmp"  -F "[email protected];type=application/java-archive"  -F "raw.asset1.filename=aopalliance-1.0.jar"  下载制品 cURL curl -u admin:admin123 http://192.168.1.200:8081/repository/anyops/com/anyops/a nyops-devops-service/1.1.1/anyops-devops-service-1.1.1.jar -o anyops-devops-service-1.1.1.jar  Wget wget --http-user=admin --http-passwd=admin123 http://192.168.1.200:8081/repos itory/anyops/com/anyops/anyops-devops-service/1.1.1/anyops-devops-service-1.1.1.jar  案例: 配置制品上传Pipeline

其实我们可以参考Nexus的UI页面, 使用Jenkins来做一个用于上传制品包的流水线作业:

srcUrl 指的是源码包的源码/包的仓库; branchName 源码包仓库的分支; groupId、artifactid、 version maven类型仓库的坐标; type 包类型;

这个Jenkinsfile包含4个阶段, 分别是下载代码、代码编译、单元测试、上传制品。

@Library("[email protected]") _ import org.devops.*  def checkout = new Checkout() def build = new Build() def unittest = new UnitTest() def sonar = new Sonar()  pipeline {     agent { label "build" }      options {         skipDefaultCheckout true     }       stages{         stage("Checkout"){             steps{                 script {                     println("GetCode")                     checkout.GetCode("${env.srcUrl}", "${env.branchName}")                 }             }         }          stage("Build"){             steps{                 script{                     println("Build")                     sh "mvn clean package "                 }             }         }          stage("UnitTest"){             steps{                 script{                     unittest.CodeTest("${env.buildTool}")                 }             }         }          stage("Upload"){             steps{                 script{                     NexusUploadByPlugin("${env.artifactId}",                                          \"target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar\",                                          "${env.type}",                                          "${env.groupId}",                                         "${env.version}")                 }             }         }     } }  //NexusUploadByPlugin(\"devops-test\", \"target/demo-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar\", \"jar\", \"com.jenkins\",\"1.1.2\")  def NexusUploadByPlugin(artifactId, file, type, groupId,version){     nexusArtifactUploader   artifacts: [[artifactId: artifactId,                                      classifier: \"\",                                      file: file,                                      type: type]],                          credentialsId: \"1de05a13-197c-4a72-8c6a-cd330fc45559\",                          groupId: groupId,                          nexusUrl: \"192.168.1.200:8081\",                          nexusVersion: \"nexus3\",                          protocol: \"http\",                          repository: \"mymavenrepo\",                          version: version } 

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